Any analysis begins with a preliminary general with a subject or the phenomenon and then turns into deeper and detailed analysis. Processes of the analysis and a often arise in practical action in the beginning. To sort or assemble the motor in mind, it is necessary to learn to and bring together him in practice.
All specified moments can be tracked easily on the solution of any practical task (for example, to define why does not burn desktop lamps, any educational task (for example, to a complex mathematical challenge).
The analysis and synthesis — the major cogitative operations, in unity they give full and comprehensive knowledge of a. The analysis gives knowledge of separate elements, and synthesis, on results of the analysis, uniting these elements, knowledge of object in general. Seizing reading, the child under the leadership of the teacher carries out the analysis (in the offer words, in words — syllables and sounds) and synthesis (of sounds and letters makes syllables, of syllables — words, of words — a ). For understanding of features of any plant the mentally allocates and considers his separate parts:
Conclusion. Conclusion - such form of thinking in the course of which the person, comparing and analyzing various judgments, brings out of them new judgment. A typical example of conclusion — the proof of geometrical theorems.
Analysis and synthesis. — this mental partition of a or the phenomenon on forming it speak rapidly the analysis, allocation in it is mute separate parts, signs and properties. Synthesis — this mental connection of separate elements, parts and signs in a whole. The analysis and synthesis are inseparably linked, are in an with each other in process of knowledge: we always analyze that synthetic whole, and we synthesize that is analytically dismembered.
when the direct knowledge is impossible because of imperfection of our analyzers (for example, not ultrasounds) or lack of the corresponding (for example, we have no analyzers for catching of X-rays);
Let's review one more example. What will occur if to throw this piece of a tree into water? Will float? And why you it is to a ? Because in the past you saw floating pieces of a tree more than once? But after all that there were other pieces of a tree, and you did not throw this piece of a tree into water yet! To expect that will occur in a concrete case, we can because we reflect the general properties of subjects and phenomena (in this case — the general of water and. For the same reason we know, not that the sum of internal corners is equal in this triangle 180 ° because we know the general provision that the sum of internal corners is equal in any triangle to this.
The dialogical speech, as a rule, shows less to creation of the coherent and developed statement, than the speech monological or written; here preparation is not necessary. It is explained by that interlocutors in an identical situation, perceive the same facts and the phenomena and therefore it is rather easy, sometimes from a, understand each other. They do not need to state the thoughts in the developed speech form. The important requirement to at the dialogical speech — to be able to listen to the partner's up to the end, to understand his objections and to answer them, but not own thoughts.
Judgment. Communications and the relations to a are reflected by subjects and the phenomena of world around and their and signs in judgments. The judgment — is a form of thinking, the statement or denial of any provision of subjects, the phenomena or their properties.
In study of school students generalization usually in conclusions, definitions, rules, classification. it is sometimes difficult to make generalization as not always they manage to allocate independently not simply general, but also essential general signs.
The speech has the socio-historical nature. People always lived and live collectively, in society. Public life and collective work of people cause the necessity constantly to communicate, come into contact with each other, to influence at each other. This communication is carried out by means of the speech. Thanks to the speech people exchange thoughts and knowledge, about the feelings, experiences, intentions.